debt

How the Debt Snowball Method Works

5 Minute Read

Do you remember building snowballs in the backyard as a kid?

You probably learned that the fastest way to build a snowball was to pack some snow into a tight ball and then start rolling it through the yard. As it gained momentum, the snowball grew into something more like a snow boulder.

It’s a good technique for building snowballs, and it’s an even better method for paying off your non-mortgage debt.

We call it the debt snowball. It starts when you’re on Baby Step 2—meaning you’re current on all your bills and have a $1,000 starter emergency fund saved up—and it’s probably the most life-changing thing you’ll experience in your total money makeover. It’s a big deal!

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How Does the Debt Snowball Method Work?

The debt snowball method is a debt reduction strategy where you pay off debts in order of smallest to largest, gaining momentum as each balance is paid off. When the smallest debt is paid in full, you roll the money you were paying on that debt into the next smallest balance.

It looks something like this:

Step 1: List your debts from smallest to largest.
Step 2: Make minimum payments on all your debts except the smallest.
Step 3: Pay as much as possible on your smallest debt.
Step 4: Repeat until each debt is paid in full.

Debt Snowball Method

An Example of the Debt Snowball

Say you have the following four debts:
1. $500 medical bill ($50 payment)
2. $2,500 credit card debt ($63 payment)
3. $7,000 car loan ($135 payment)
4. $10,000 student loan ($96 payment)

Using the debt snowball method, you would make the minimum payments on everything except the medical bill. For this example, let’s say you have an extra $500 each month from taking a side job and cutting your expenses down to the bare minimum. You are gazelle intense.

Since you’re paying $550 a month on the medical bill (the $50 payment plus the extra $500), that debt will be done in one month. You would then take that $550 and attack the credit card debt. You can pay $613 on the plastic (the freed-up $550 plus the $63 minimum payment). In about four months, you’ll wave goodbye to the credit card. You’ve paid it off!

Now punch that car loan in the face to the tune of $748 a month. In 10 months, it’ll drive off into the sunset. Now you’re on fire!

By the time you reach the student loan—which is your biggest debt—you can put $844 a month toward it. That means it will only last about 12 months. After that, Sallie Mae better get used to living somewhere else, because you’ve kicked her out!

Thanks to your hard work and sacrifice, you have paid off $20,000 of debt in only 27 months using the debt snowball method! Congratulations!

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Why Does the Debt Snowball Method Work?

The debt snowball works because it’s all about behavior modification, not math. When it all boils down, hope has more to do with this equation than math ever will. 

If you start paying on the student loan first because it’s the largest debt, you won’t see it leave for a while. You’ll see numbers going down on the balance, but pretty soon you’ll lose steam and stop paying extra. Why? Because it’s taking forever to get a win! And you’ll still have all your other small, annoying debts hanging around too.

But when you ditch the small debt first, you see progress—quickly! You have hope! That smallest debt is out of your life forever. The second debt will follow soon, and then the next. When you see the plan working, you’re more likely to feel like you can stick it out. And when you keep at it, you’ll succeed in becoming debt-free!

By the time you’re paying on the bigger debts, you have so much more cash freed up from paying off the earlier ones that it creates a debt snowball. Suddenly, you’re putting hundreds of dollars a month toward your debts instead of just a few bucks here and there! You build momentum, and that changes your behavior and helps you get out of debt for good. 

It’s like Dave says: “The problem with your money is not your math, it’s the person in the mirror.” If you can get that person to change their habits, then there’s no stopping you!  

Sometimes you just need to see your progress to know how far you’ve really come in your journey. That’s why we created our Debt Snowball Tracker for you! Download it today and get started imagining a life without payments. 

Are you ready to dig in and get to work on your debt snowball? Learn how to pay off debt, make wise spending decisions, save for the future and more with Dave Ramsey’s course Financial Peace University.

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