# 5 Steps to Buying a Home That Won't Bust Your Budget

It’s easy to feel overwhelmed by all the decisions that go into buying a new home. Brand new or existing? Cottage or McMansion? Fixer-upper or move-in ready? City or country? After all, a home is a big purchase, and you want it to be a blessing for many years to come.

But one question holds the key to home-buying success: how much home can you afford?

Lucky for you, you don’t need a degree in rocket science to find the answer. You just need to know how to budget. Here are five steps to buying a home Dave Ramsey recommends to make the process smoother.

### Step 1: Add Up Your Income

You can’t make a budget if you don’t know how much you can spend. So sit down and add up every source of income you receive each month.

Let’s crunch numbers based on a two-earner household. In our example, John brings home two paychecks a month, while his wife Jane receives one.

John’s Paycheck 1 = \$1,600
John’s Paycheck 2 = \$1,600
Jane’s Paycheck = \$2,800

Total Monthly Income = \$6,000

### Step 2: List Your Household Expenses

Next, write down every place your dollars go each month.

John and Jane rent a one-bedroom apartment in the heart of town so they can be close to work. A big chunk of their budget goes toward saving for retirement and a down payment on their new home. Here’s how their current budget looks:

John and Jane’s Pre-Home Budget
Charitable Gifts = \$600
Savings = \$2,200
Rent = \$900
Utilities = \$300
Food = \$400
Clothing = \$100
Transportation = \$450
Medical = \$400
Personal = \$450
Recreation = \$200

Total Expenses = \$6,000

Of course, everybody’s budget is going to be different. We’ve assumed some things in this sample. If some of these categories don’t fit, feel free to make them your own.

### Step 3: Calculate Home-Ownership Costs

Dave Ramsey recommends your housing payment, including property taxes and insurance, to be no more than 25% of your take-home income.

To maximize your savings, you should get a 15-year, fixed rate mortgage.

That means the maximum amount John and Jane should spend on their home payment each month is \$1,500. Of course, home ownership isn’t limited to a house note. John and Jane make room for expenses like HOA fees, maintenance and repair, furniture and décor, and lawn care in their budget. They also add extra heft to utilities and transportation since they’ll have more square footage and a longer commute in their new home.

John and Jane’s down-payment goal will be complete when they purchase a home, so they reduce the amount they allot to savings.

If you need help figuring out how much house you can afford, we suggest using our mortgage calculator

John and Jane’s Budget: Changes Made With Home Ownership in Mind
Savings = \$2,200 \$900
Rent Mortgage = \$900 \$1,500
Other Housing Expenses = \$250
Utilities = \$300 \$400
Transportation = \$450 \$550

Total Expenses = \$6,000 \$5,750

With these adjustments, John and Jane still have money left over—but the budgeting doesn’t stop here.

### Step 4: Give Your Budget Room to Grow

Life is going to happen in the years you occupy your home. Before you get married to a mortgage, look ahead and consider events that might increase your living expenses down the road.

John and Jane don’t have children yet but hope to start a family next year. Guess what? Kids cost money! According to the USDA, a middle-income married couple spends an average of \$727 a month on non-housing expenses in a child’s first years of life. Depending on what you make or where you live, it could be more, it could be less.

John and Jane build cushion for Junior into their budget by parking an additional \$750 into their savings account each month. That puts their savings total at \$1,650 and bumps their monthly expenses up to \$6,500.

John and Jane’s Budget: Changes Made With Junior in Mind
Savings = \$900 \$1,650

Total Expenses = \$5,750 \$6,500

### Step 5: Make Adjustments

Right now, John and Jane’s expenses outweigh their income by \$500, so they’ve got some balancing to do. John and Jane realize that spending 25% of their income on a mortgage will squeeze out their ability to afford diapers and daycare. So they aim for a more conservative home payment and tighten the purse strings in a few other areas.

John and Jane’s Final Home-Buying Budget
Charitable Gifts = \$600
Savings = \$1,650
Mortgage = \$1,500 \$1,250
Other Housing Expenses = \$250
Utilities = \$400
Food = \$400
Clothing = \$100 \$50
Transportation = \$550
Medical = \$400
Personal = \$450 \$400
Recreation = \$200 \$50

Total Expenses = \$6,600 \$6,000

When income minus outgo equals zero, your job is done because every dollar has a name.

\$6,000 - \$6,000 = \$0

Success!

That means you can feel confident buying a home that won’t bust your budget. Just keep your mortgage to 25%—or less!—of your monthly income and don’t borrow so much that you can’t breathe if life changes down the road.

Now that you know the secret to being a happy homeowner, it’s time to go out and get the most home for your money! All you need is an expert negotiator by your side. A buyer’s agent brings your best interests to the table so you can get the best deal on a home that’s right for you and your budget.

Looking for a pro who knows what it takes to win? Find the best agents in your area!

### Real Estate Terms

Buying a home? Freshen up on these real estate terms to make smart, well-informed decisions.

### How to Buy Land

Have you dreamed of going off the grid? Or maybe you’ve just always wanted to be a farmer. Or do you just want to build your dream home outside of town? We've got you covered!

### Questions to Ask a Real Estate Agent

Hiring a great real estate agent is essential when you're thinking of buying or a selling a house. To help you with that, we have 10 questions to ask a real estate agent before you hire them.

### 15 Home-Buying Mistakes

Beware of these common home-buying mistakes. Learn how to avoid them so nothing slips through the cracks of one of the largest purchases you’ll ever make.

## Buy a House With an Agent Who Serves, Not Sells

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## Buy a House With an Agent Who Serves, Not Sells.

You need an agent who cares more about you than their commission check.
Find a Buyer's Agent

## Buy a House With an Agent Who Serves, Not Sells.

You need an agent who cares more about you than their commission check.
Find a Buyer's Agent